Child Abuse and Neglect
Addressing child abuse and neglect is at the core of NICWA’s mission and priorities. This work is far reaching and includes our efforts to work collaboratively with tribal communities, families, and others to target the precursors to child abuse and neglect to prevent it from occurring. It also entails addressing tribal and state systems’ responses to child abuse and neglect that involve American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) families and children.
Projects & Partners
PIP Curriculum Evaluation
NICWA has long aspired to evaluate our PIP curriculum, as we believe establishing evidence of effectiveness of the program will allow tribes to access additional funding streams to support local PIP implementation. Fortunately, with policy change in the passage of the Family First Prevention Services Act, some private and government funders are interested in supporting evaluation of parenting, substance abuse, and mental health services as a way for states and tribes to secure additional federal funding for these prevention services. With support from Casey Family Programs and the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation, NICWA has partnered with Child Trends to design and implement a pilot evaluation of in-home delivery of PIP (as opposed to a group setting) with Native families who are not mandated to receive parenting training. While PIP was designed to be widely customized, it is important to ensure the fidelity of PIP’s key principles and content is maintained across different sites. Consistency in key content items and format will ensure the curriculum is delivered in the way originally intended and will allow PIP to be evaluated meaningfully related to well-being outcomes for children and caregiver-child relationships.
First Kids 1st: Every Native Child is Sacred
NICWA partners with the National Congress of American Indians, the National Indian Education Association, and the National Indian Health Board to support a nationwide campaign to lift up and support Native youth. This initiative focuses on youth from birth to mid-twenties in age, and it emphasizes the role that family plays in helping AI/AN youth thrive. This W.K. Kellogg Foundation-funded initiative aims to galvanize systems changes in education, health, child welfare, and governance to better support Native children and youth. In each of these areas, community-determined and community-driven changes will improve the systems that impact Native youth, allowing them more and better opportunities to achieve their full potential.
County Indian Child Welfare Systems Assessment Project
NICWA provided a systems-wide assessment of county services provided to AI/AN children involved with the child welfare system in Humboldt County, California, that included a final report and recommendations. The assessment examined policy supports and barriers, workforce training and capacity, data collection, case management, collateral support agencies role, and tribal-county relationships.
NICWA participates in the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration’s Project LAUNCH, which supports children in reaching social, emotional, behavioral, physical, and cognitive milestones because healthy growth in each of these areas builds the foundation for children to thrive in school and beyond. The purpose of Project LAUNCH (Linking Actions for Unmet Needs in Children’s Health) is to promote the wellness of young children ages birth to eight. The long-term goal of Project LAUNCH is to ensure that all children enter school ready to learn and able to succeed. Project LAUNCH seeks to improve coordination across child-serving systems, build infrastructure, and increase access to high-quality prevention and wellness promotion services for children and their families.
Policy & Advocacy
NICWA’s role as the leading national organization dedicated to AI/AN child and family well-being is recognized by policymakers and program administrators at the tribal, state, and national levels. As such, we are regularly invited to present testimony and provide consultation on issues ranging from human service program design to the impacts of policies on services to AI/AN children and families. In recent years, our advocacy efforts have included presenting testimony to the Attorney General’s Task Force on American Indian and Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence, providing expert counsel to tribal leaders sitting on the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary’s Tribal Advisory Committee, and providing detailed recommendations on ways to reform how federal child welfare services are funded and what services are most in need of support for children and families, to name a few.
NICWA has a memorandum of agreement with the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) to provide them with our child welfare and children’s mental health expertise and help staff their Indian Child and Family Welfare Subcommittee. NICWA regularly meets with NCAI’s Executive Committee, updates tribal members of NCAI on relevant policy issues, and provides support to NCAI as they respond to the media, policymakers, and tribes on these issues.
NICWA also provides child welfare and children’s mental health policy and practice expertise to a number of regional intertribal organizations, including the Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (ATNI) and United South and Eastern Tribes (USET). With our experience and expertise in child welfare, children’s mental health, and other related human services programs affecting AI/AN children and families, NICWA strives to provide anyone that wants to advocate for Native families and children with the information and support they need to be effective advocates.
Research & Resources
- Latest Child and Family Policy Update
- Native Children’s Policy Agenda: Putting First Kids 1st
- Effective Leadership for Tribal Child Welfare
- 2016 Adoption and Foster Care Reporting System (AFCARS) Regulations
- NICWA Comments on AFCARS Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
- NICWA Testimony before the U.S. Department of Justice Task Force on American Indian and Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence (2013–2014)
- American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence in the Home (December 9, 2013)
- American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence in the Community (April 16, 2014)
- American Indian/Alaska Native Children Exposed to Violence in Alaska (June 11, 2014)
- The Children’s Bureau develops annual Child Maltreatment reports, which includes data provided by states to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systems, and does not include data related to children under tribal jurisdiction